During the detox, some people need to be given medications to counter or reduce the intensity of the withdrawal symptoms they experience which could cause them to go back to using drugs again. Using additional medication can help the patient stay sober. Intensive and most severe withdrawal symptoms cause many to go back to taking drugs. A patient can be put on these medications for the relief of withdrawal symptoms either as an in or out patient. The monitoring physician keeps altering the amount the patient takes for maximum benefit.
Some medicines give the same feeling as the drug of abuse thus helping one cope with the withdrawal.
Drug Withdrawal And Detoxification
During the first steps of recovery, the system must remove the drugs from itself. This is cleansing or detox. Depending on the drug the detox stage can last as long as several days to several weeks.
Dealing with withdrawal side effects is frequently the hardest part of detoxification. The exact nature of the drug use will determine how severe the withdrawal symptoms will be. The worst symptoms will be felt by those who have been taking high doses of the drug for a long duration.
The patient may experience horrible symptoms during detox. They may include:
Different medicines are prescribed to help various withdrawal side effects. In detox, physicians may prescribe drugs such as:
They are suitable for treating stress and short temper.
One of the common side effect of withdrawal from drugs is Anxiety.
Alcohol withdrawal symptoms can also be eased by the sedative effect of Benzodiazepines.
Due to the addictive nature of Benzodiazepines, doctors tend to be cautious when prescribing them.
With no drugs, an addict can't develop natural quantities of joy- generating chemicals in their brain.
When they stop taking the drugs, these people go through dejection and feelings of hopelessness.
Mood lifting medications like Zoloft and Prozac help in reducing these symptoms till the brain can function naturally again.
Clonidine can reduce anxiousness, muscle aches, sweating and cramps and is used to treat withdrawal from opioids and alcohol.
Clonidine is useful for controlling shivering and convulsions.
The withdrawal symptoms from Benzodiazepines such as Valium or Xanax can be extremely dangerous and can result in death; one should never try to detox abruptly on their own. Other drugs withdrawal symptoms are less deadly, but it is good to take caution as there are always risks. Detoxifying under medical supervision makes sure things are done right and raises the chances of beating the addiction.
Speak with someone that can give you assistance in case you are suffering from an addiction.
Severe and prolonged withdrawal symptoms that last for weeks or months are as a result of alcohol abuse over an extended period. This occurrence is known as prolong or post-acute withdrawal syndrome (PAWS).
PAWS can help relieve cravings or make the patient unable to tolerate alcohol. Patient take these tablets every day.
Such medications for treating alcohol dependency are:
Naltrexone (Vivitrol) stops the brain from producing pleasure chemicals in reaction to alcohol intake.
The craving for alcohol is also reduced by the drug.
In some cases, Naltrexone is known to cause vomiting and migraines.
Naltrexone is administered every four weeks via injection.
Acamprosate has the ability to comfort from the effects of alcohol obsession that includes emotional and physical suffering.
Recovering alcoholics may begin taking Acamprosate once the detoxification is completed.
By hindering unhappy thoughts that cause stress and unhappiness, Acamprosate stops the users from wanting to take alcohol.
The first drug to be approved for treatment of alcohol addiction was Disulfiram.
Disulfiram causes sickness and vomiting if alcohol is consumed at the same time.
The intention is that the ones taking disulfiram will not drink alcohol as it will make them feel sick.
Find out more details about liquor addiction treatment.
Medications For Opiate And Heroin Addiction
Morphine, Heroin and narcotic painkillers such as OxyContin are all opiates. Opiate and Heroin medications helps the person in fighting against hunger and withdrawal signs. Recommended dosage is a tablet a day.
There withdrawal times are less than a week. Other drugs can have an extended withdrawal side effects. In some circumstances, the withdrawal side effects may last for months or years. To completely stop the urges to take drugs and the PAWS, it helps to be on replacement medicines for an extended period. Ex-users can often find themselves taking medicines for up to a year, or longer is needed.
Medication for Heroin and painkillers are as follows:
Prescriptions of Methadone are usually given to people suffering from moderate or severe addictions.
Methadone never get the addicts high and attaches to the similar receptors in the brain for working.
This assists curb strong desires and withdrawal side effects.
People become addict of Methadone in place of Heroin and painkillers if it is not use carefully.
Every day, many doses of Methadone are dispensed by Methadone clinics.
Find out more information about Methadone.
Buprenorphine works in the same way as Methadone, however it is little monitored since the addiction potential is inferior.
Instead of having to go for the drug every day at the clinic, the recovering users can go home with the drug.
Naltrexone works the same method for opiate addiction as it does for alcohol addiction.
This drug helps to control the urge or craving.
Alcohol and Opiate turns on the similar receptors in the brain so it is for both.
Medical Detox And Rehabilitation
Drug addicts when they want to stop addiction sometimes will choose to detox without medical supervision. This isn't just more difficult, it is also more risky than a medical detoxing. Medical detoxification is the ideal method to accomplish sobriety in a secure and comfortable atmosphere. Medical detoxification is necessary for people dependent on alcohol or Benzodiazepines.
For addicts to gain the control they want, detox is needed.
Health complications are avoided in a medical detox program. The treating therapist monitors a rehab patient's vital signs like pulse, temperature, breathing rate and fluid levels in a medically supervised treatment. Doctors assist alleviate any pain the patient can be passing through. Another advantage is that doctors will adjust dosages as the patient response dictates and can advise on long-term treatment schedules.
Medically supervised detoxification is also important for people with other health problems. Problems such as high blood pressure can be worsened by detoxification. Any sudden complications can be handled by a doctor.
In residential rehabilitation, detoxification is always part of the program. 30 to 90 days of rehab is the average time it takes. The initial week comprised of closely observed detox. To improve the odds of recovering successfully, rehabilitation usually includes treatments such as behavioural therapy.
Look for a rehab centre offering medically supervised detox for your friend, relative or yourself call 0800 772 3971.