Over Dependency on drugs and other ailments can be treated by changing the thinking mentality and emotions of a person and this is the core of cognitive behavioural therapy.
Dr. Aaron T. Beck started Cognitive Behavioural Therapy in the 60s which is a branch of mental health counselling.
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Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) addresses the problem areas of thoughts and behaviour resulting from drug addiction.
Nowadays, CBT has become a common part of treating addictions. Patients undergoing CBT treatment are taught to recognize the triggers in their minds, emotions, and behaviour that lead to them taking the drugs. This makes it easy to work on recovery.
Some of the other behaviours that can be eliminated aside from dependency on drugs include:
Attention Deficit Disorder [ADD]
Various forms of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
Various forms of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
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CBT clearly shows that a good deal of destructive emotions and actions are neither reasonable nor logical. The feelings and behaviours of people could be coming as a direct result from past experiences and factors related to the environment.
Cognitive behavioural therapists work with patients to identify potentially thoughts that lead to self-destructive or unhealthy behaviours. Automatic thoughts are generally impulsive and often as a result of misconceptions and internal feelings of fear and self-doubt. The abuse of drugs or alcohol is in many cases an attempt to get rid of these negative thoughts.
When persons suffering from addiction realize the reason why they feel or act in a definite way and how these feelings and actions trigger drug use, they are better armed to combat their addictions.
Recovering addicts can soothe the pain caused by distressful memories by repeatedly revisiting them. After that they can learn other, favourable behaviours that will replace those leading to drug or alcohol use.
Dependency Treatment And Cognitive Behavioural Therapy
Most users are found to be suffering from deep despair and hopelessness which in the first place were caused by bad or distrustful thoughts.
Someone is bound to start using drugs or be addicted to alcohol if they constantly have negative thoughts and feelings of depression.
How to identify what brings on the urge for the drug or alcohol on a day to day basis. As alleged by the National Institute on Drug Abuse, CBT helps people recovering from addictions deal with their triggers in three main ways.
Cbt Helps Patients To Get Past Drug Addiction And Alcoholism By
Helping to dispel my persuasions and feeling of insecurity, which result in substance abuse, from the patient's mind.
To improve moods, CBT can provide tools that the recovering user can employ on their own.
CBT can show the recovering user how to communicate better.
Keys For Controlling Triggers
Recognize Triggers In Time
Identify which factor provokes taking drugs or drinking alcohol.
This involves distancing yourself from your triggers as much as possible.
Deal With Them (Cope)
The emotions and thoughts that lead to the abuse of substances can be elevated by using the techniques provided by CBT.
You can practice CBT behaviour techniques anywhere and everywhere. Engaging with others can help you practice some of the things that you learn at CBT.
To encourage people to stay sober, various support groups such as SMART (Self-Management and Recovery Training) program also make use of CBT when creating their self-help exercises.
Cbt Therapy Principles
Therapists that practice CBT use special exercises to facilitate addiction recovery.
Some of the exercises are:
Evaluation Of Thoughts
Patients recovering from addiction review their automatic negative thoughts and search for solid evidence that proves and contradicts these thoughts.
For comparison purposes, you can even list the proof for and against these negative thoughts.
The aim is to help them think positive, productive thoughts.
For example, a person may think that a supervisor at work doesn't think highly of them. In this case, CBT will help the person move from a mindset where they feel they need to drink to feel better about themselves to one where they see mistakes as a normal part of the learning process. My manager will appreciate that I am learning from my mistakes and heeding his or her advice. I don't need any alcohol to bolster my self-esteem."
These exercises are helpful in contrasting negative thoughts with the positive ones to understand which one is better effective for changing behaviour.
One person may react better when they self-criticize while another will do great when they self-motivated.
These experiments are useful in finding out what causes an individual to improve their behaviour.
Example: "when I criticize myself after indulging in too much drink, I drink less" vs. "when I encourage myself that I am better off without so much drinking, I drink less."
Imagery Based Exposure
The people can overcome their feelings by thinking of a past experience that was unpleasant.
They write down every experience at that moment including sight, sound, emotion, thought and the impulse of the moment.
Regularly re-enacting that moment in their minds, the patient can deal with the pain and nervousness brought about by the memory.
Example: A difficult childhood memory is the focus of a young man's thoughts. He presently recalls every detail and emotion of the particular moment. The more he replays it in his mind, the less painful it is and this leads to a lower need to indulge in alcohol and drugs as a way of self medication.
Comfortable Activity Plan
It is a technique that involves working out a list for the week to come, filling it with fun and healthy, activities; it helps a person break the monotony of everyday routine.
These activities must be modest and stress-free while at the same time inspiring constructive feelings.
Planning the positive activities contributes to the reduction of negative feelings being generated and a resultant urge to indulge in drinking or drug use.
Example: A financial advisor working in a high stress environment can take 15 minutes off the job to do something relaxing instead of turning to alcohol or drugs when overwhelmed. He utilises that moment to get and appreciate a fresh song from a new singer.
What Is The Difference Between Cbt Vs Other Kinds Of Psychotherapy
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy take a more practical approach to therapy as compared to other methods.
At CBT sessions, recovering addicts do not just talk, and their therapists do not just listen passively to patients. In its place, addiction victims and therapists work collectively to overcome dependency.
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy is based on actions and faster recovery. Most of the 60 - 90 day rehab programs have CBT as a component that equips addicts with immediate techniques to help in coping.
Some kinds of psychotherapy can take years until they produce a reliable result. Just sixteen sessions of CBT is often enough to obtain considerable improvement.
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy can easily be adapted, which makes it very idyllic in both outpatient and inpatient situations as well as group and private counselling atmospheres. Numerous therapists and addiction treatment centres are commonly including CBT along with the recovery plans which are offered by them.